G.L. Alfimov, A.S. Korobeinkiov, C.J. Lustri, and D.E. Pelinovsky

Standing lattice solitons in the discrete NLS equation with saturation


Abstract:
We consider standing lattice solitons for discrete nonlinear Schrodinger equation with saturation (NLSS), where so-called transparent points were recently discovered. These transparent points are the values of the governing parameter (e.g., the lattice spacing) for which the Peierls-Nabarro barrier vanishes. In order to explain the existence of transparent points, we study a solitary wave solution in the continuous NLSS and analyse the singularities of its analytic continuation in the complex plane. The existence of a quadruplet of logarithmic singularities nearest to the real axis is proven and applied to two settings: (i) the fourth-order differential equation arising as the next-order continuum approximation of the discrete NLSS and (ii) the advance-delay version of the discrete NLSS.
In the context of (i), the fourth-order differential equation generally does not have solitary wave solutions. This is because the two-dimensional center manifold at the zero equilibrium coexist with the one-dimensional stable and unstable manifolds. Nevertheless, we show that solitary waves solutions exist for specific values of governing parameter that form an infinite sequence. We present an asymptotic formula for the distance between two subsequent elements of the sequence in terms of the small parameter of lattice spacing. To derive this formula, we used two di erent analytical techniques: the semi-classical limit of oscillatory integrals and the beyond-all-order asymptotic expansions. Both produced the same result that is in excellent agreement with our numerical data.
In the context of (ii), we also derive an asymptotic formula for values of lattice spacing for which approximate standing lattice solitons can be constructed. The asymptotic formula is in excellent agreement with the numerical approximations of transparent points. However, we show that the asymptotic formulas for the cases (i) and (ii) are essentially di erent and that the transparent points do not imply existence of continuous standing lattice solitons in the advance-delay version of the discrete NLSS.

Keywords:
discrete nonlinear Schrodinger equation, lattice solitons, transparent points, singular perturbation theory, oscillatory integrals, beyond-all-order methods.