D.E. Pelinovsky

Normal form for transverse instability of the line soliton with a nearly critical speed of propagation


Abstract:
There exists a critical speed of propagation of the line solitons in the Zakharov-Kuznetsov (ZK) equation such that small transversely periodic perturbations are unstable for line solitons with larger-than-critical speeds and orbitally stable for those with smallerthan- critical speeds. The normal form for transverse instability of the line soliton with a nearly critical speed of propagation is derived by means of symplectic projections and near-identity transformations. Justification of this normal form is provided with the energy method. The normal form predicts a transformation of the unstable line solitons with larger-than-critical speeds to the orbitally stable transversely modulated solitary waves.

Keywords:
Zakharov-Kuznetsov equation; Transverse stability; Line solitons; Normal forms;