V. Achilleos, D.J. Frantzeskakis, P.G. Kevrekidis, and D.E. Pelinovsky,

Matter-wave bright solitons in spin-orbit coupled Bose-Einstein condensates,

Physical Review Letters 110, 264101 (5 pages) (2013)

We study matter-wave bright solitons in spin-orbit (SO) coupled Bose-Einstein condensates (BECs) with attractive interatomic interactions. We use a multiscale expansion method to identify solution families for chemical potentials in the semi-infinite gap of the linear energy spectrum. Depending on the linear and spin-orbit coupling strengths, the solitons may resemble either standard bright nonlinear Schrodinger solitons or exhibit a modulated density profile, reminiscent of the stripe phase of SO-coupled repulsive BECs. Our numerical results are in excellent agreement with our analytical findings, and demonstrate the potential robustness of such solitons for experimentally relevant conditions through stability analysis and direct numerical simulations.

coupled nonlinear Schrodinger equations, solitary waves, existence and stability, spin-orbit Bose-Einstein condensates.